We wash it off animals when there's oil spills, why ever would I put it on my skin? Well, you may not know your skin care products contain petroleum.
Petrolatum, petroleum jelly, paraffin oil, mineral oil, white petrolatum...these are just a few of the petroleum synonyms used on labels by skin care brands big and small. You may have seen them listed, but never imagine it's THAT petroleum. Yes, the black one, the one we use to fuel our cars, THAT one.
WHAT IS PETROLATUM
When properly refined, petrolatum has no known health concerns. However, with an incomplete refining history, petrolatum could potentially be contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs. PAHs are byproducts of organic material combustion, commonly stored in fats upon exposure due to its lipophilic properties. There is no way to confirm proper refinement unless a complete refining history is provided.
Petrochemicals create a barrier on skinMineral oil, petrolatum and paraffin wax are the most famous members of the petrochemical family. These ingredients are widely used in the beauty industry because of their occlusive properties: they create a barrier on the skin that many conventional cosmetics brands use to help keep even the driest of skin feeling hydrated for longer. But, there’s a price to pay for that. This barrier can cause dirt, oil and any comedogenic ingredients that may be lurking in your cosmetic products to stick to skin, clogging pores and leading to the appearance of pimples and blackheads. Even more worryingly, perhaps, when used in certain products this barrier may interfere with the skin’s natural perspiration process, inhibiting the associated feeling of detoxification.
Petroleum and Mineral Oil Can't Be MetabolizedThere are different grades of petroleum and mineral oil, with those used in cosmetic products being the "purest" and the most refined. Even still, we should be worried. A 2011 study published in the Journal of Women's Health reported:
"There is strong evidence that mineral oil hydrocarbons are the greatest contaminant of the human body, amounting to approximately 1 g per person."
The researchers removed fat specimens from 142 women who were undergoing C-sections, and collected milk samples from them post-delivery. Scarily, they found that both the fat and the milk were contaminated with mineral oil saturated hydrocarbons. The authors concluded:
"The increase in MOSH [mineral oil saturated hydrocarbons] concentration in human fat tissue with age suggests an accumulation over time. Cosmetics might be a relevant source of the contamination."
Yikes! This stuff gets in our bodies JUST from using beauty products, and once it's there, it doesn't leave. Dr. Ray Peat agrees: "certain components of mineral oil (which is in many cosmetics) are toxic, and any that does get into the system does not metabolize."
Petroleum and Mineral Oil Might Be Carcinogenic
"These trace contaminants in petroleum-based ingredients often readily penetrate the skin according to government and industry studies, and their presence in products is not restricted by government safety standards — they are legal at any level."
Let me repeat...they readily penetrate our skin.
And here's why that's a problem. The scariest of these possible contaminants is called 1,4 dioxane, an impurity found in 22 percent of all petroleum-based cosmetics that is a possible human carcinogen and known animal carcinogen. How much you're exposed to depends on the product you're using: it's in 82 percent of hair dyes, 45 percent of self-tanners and 36 percent of face moisturizers, for starters.
A 2009 study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology investigated whether mineral oil-based moisturizers might increase the rate at which tumors form. When mice that were at high risk of developing skin cancer received a topical application of 100 mg once a day, five days a week for 17 weeks, the rate of tumor formation significantly increased.
Petroleum and mineral oil are "occlusive" agents—meaning they seal off the skin from air, water or anything else getting in (or out). Wherever they're applied, they form an invisible film on the surface that blocks the pores and the skin's natural respiration process.
Anyone who is even slightly acne-prone will have alarm bells ringing over that statement. Blocked pores means trapped dirt and oil—leading to blackheads, pimples, whiteheads, you name it. You might as well cover yourself in cling wrap.
The occlusive nature of petroleum and mineral oil could also be create a warm, moist environment for yeast and fungus to grow. A 2000 study in Pediatrics found that extremely-low-birth-weight infants treated with petroleum jelly were more likely to develop systemic candidiasis.
And remember, NEVER put petroleum- or mineral oil-based products on a sunburn. Because they form a seal, they'll lock in the heat into your skin, making the burn worse, not better. It could even lead to permanent scarring.
Petroleum and Mineral Oil Won't Nourish Your SkinSo we've established that petroleum and mineral oil are occlusive, meaning they form a barrier on your skin. Theoretically, this "locks in" moisture—but what if there's not enough moisture in there to start with? Are you really making progress?
Furthermore, these agents don't allow moisture to be absorbed from the atmosphere, like other emollients can, nor will they allow absorption of the other beneficial ingredients that are in your skincare products. And there's just nothing in petroleum or mineral oil that's going to nourish your skin from the inside out. Let's face it: they're cheap filler materials and that's why they're so ubiquitous in beauty products. Why settle for them when you could use something way better?
Instead of petroleum or mineral oil, I recommend sunflower oil, argan oil, jojoba oil, vitamin E, shea butter or cocoa butter. Just watch out for polyunsaturated oils, which oxidize in our bodies and are pro-aging.
Estrogen dominance is a common condition in which sufferers have a high ratio of estrogen, with little to no progesterone to balance its effects in the body. Chemicals that are present in our environment, called xenoestrogens, are one of the biggest culprits—and their action may be much more potent than the natural form.
Guess what? Petroleum-based products are classified as xenoestrogens, even the refined varieties. A series of 2011 studies in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry found that they can indeed produce estrogenic effects:
"The present study indicates that oils contain compounds with possible endocrine-disrupting potential, some of them acting via the hormone receptors."
We already know that these products and their contaminants build up in the body, so it stands to reason that long-term exposure might exacerbate hormonal imbalances. I don't know about you, but I'm just not willing to take that risk.